The Department of Social Welfare (DoSW) became an independent department on the subject of Women and Child Development on April 1, 2007. The key mandate of the Department is the protection of the interests and rights of women, children, older persons and persons with disabilities, with focus on the marginalised sections of society.


There are three directorates under the Dept. of Social Welfare:

Directorate of Social Welfare


The Directorate of Social Welfare (DSW) is the nodal body for co-ordination and implementation of all policies, legislations and programs related to the protection of children and the welfare and empowerment of women in the State. Specifically, the Directorate is responsible for activities related to:

  1. Enforcement of rights, development and welfare of women and children.
  2. Implementation of provisions of State legislations, rules and guidelines concerning women and children.
  3. Formulation of Rules and Guidelines in ratification of national policies and legislations as well as its enactment in the State.
  4. Setting up mechanisms for care, protection and rehabilitation of children in need of care and protection as well as juveniles in conflict with law.
  5. Ensuring Social, Economic and Cultural empowerment of women..
  6. Working towards eradication of the caste system.
  7. Implementation of Programs for the Welfare and Empowerment of Transgender people.

Initiatives for Children:


The Directorate implements programs to protect and promote the rights of children through institutional and service delivery mechanisms as mandated by the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act and the Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS), which provides a comprehensive umbrella for child protection services. The Directorate also implements the following schemes and programs:

Within the legislative framework of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act of 2000 and the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children), Amendment Act, 2006, the Directorate of Social Welfare has created a State Child Protection Unit (SCPU) at the State level and District Child Protection Units (DCPU) in each District. As per the provisions of the Juvenile Justice Act, 2000, statutory bodies have been established in every District, including the Child Welfare Committees (for care and protection of children), Juvenile Justice Boards and Special Juvenile Police Units/ Juvenile Welfare Officers (for care and protection of juveniles in conflict with law). The DCPU facilitates the activities of these statutory bodies and institutions.


Based on the provisions of the Commission for Protection of Child Rights, 2005, Bihar Commission for the Protection of Child Rights has been constituted to protect the rights and address issues concerning children.


Initiatives for Women:


The Directorate of Social Welfare implements program related to integrated development and empowerment of women such as:

The Directorate works with the Women Development Corporation and the State Women Commission to meet the objective of social, economic and cultural empowerment of women.


The Women Development Corporation implements schemes such as the Mukhya Mantri Nari Shakti Yojana, an integrated scheme for protection, development and empowerment of women. It also has programmes to create social awareness, for the protection of women victims of domestic violence and innovative schemes to promote entrepreneurship among women.


Organizational Setup:


The Directorate of Social Welfare (DSW) is headed by a Director supported by Joint Directors, Deputy Directors and Assistant Directors who are assigned specific responsibilities within the range of activities undertaken by the Directorate related to the protection of rights, welfare, development and empowerment of women and children in the State.


The Directorate is responsible for supervising and coordinating the activities of the State Child Protection Unit and the District Child Protection Units . The Directorate works with the State Commission for Protection of Child Rights on issues concerning protection of rights of children. It also oversees the execution of program being implemented by the Women Development Corporation, and co-ordinates its program initiatives with those of the State Women Commission and the Bihar Social Welfare Board.


At the District level, the Assistant Director, Social Security is in charge of the execution and implementation of all program related to children and women. The Assistant Director also serves as the nodal officer for the District Child Protection Unit.


Directorate of Social Security & Disability


The Directorate of Social Security and Disability (DSS&D) is responsible for all policies and programs related to persons with disabilities (PWDs), older persons, persons affected by substance abuse, destitute people, including beggars and widows. The Directorate is specifically concerned with:

As the nodal agency concerned with social security schemes the DSS&D is coordinating the implementation programs under National Social Assistance Programs such as Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme, Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme and Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme. Besides, the State Government is also implementing the Bihar Disability Pension Scheme, Laxmibai Social Security Pension Scheme, Mukhya Mantri Samarthya Yojana (providing aids and appliances and artificial limbs for PWDs), State Social Security Disability Pension Scheme, State Social Security Pension Scheme, Kabir Antyeshti Anudan Yojana, Loan Scheme for Self-Employment of the Disabled, Scheme for Loan for Education, Scheme for Scholarship to the Disabled, and rehabilitation of beggars.


The Director, Directorate of Social Security and Disability (DSS&D) is in charge for all programmatic activities concerning social security, welfare and rehabilitation. The Director is supported by a team of senior officers in the execution of the activities which includes one Joint Director. A group of five Assistant Directors handle the day-to-day workings of the program, which include different pension schemes and other schemes for older persons and persons with disabilities (PWDs), and special schools and rehabilitation centres for PWDs.


An independent office of the State Disability Commissioner has been established under the Directorate, in accordance with the State Action Plan for implementing welfare and development programs for PWDs.


At the district level, the Assistant Director, District Social Security Cell is the key implementing officer for the execution and implementation of all programs of the Department.


Directorate of Integrated Child Development Services


The Directorate of Integrated Child Development Services is primarily concerned with the implementation of schemes related to children in the age group of 0-6 years, adolescent girls as well as pregnant and lactating women. In addition to these initiatives, the Directorate is concerned with the relevant policies, legislations, budget, training requirements, monitoring, evaluation and supervision of programs concerning early childhood care and nutrition programs.


While the prime responsibility of the Directorate is the implementation of the flagship program for Integrated Child Development Services Scheme, it is also responsible for implementation of the Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls - SABLA, and the Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana.
The Directorate of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) is headed by a Director, who is supported by a multi-tier staff structure comprising Joint Directors, Deputy Directors and Assistant Directors at the State level. At the District level, the District Program Officer executes the programs in coordination with the Child Development Project Officers (CDPOs) in charge of the ICDS projects at the block level. At the village level, there are the anganwadi workers, closely guided by Lady Supervisors who monitor clusters of Anganwadi Centres and report to the CDPOs.